Here’s another of E. C. Atkins & Co.’s saw trademarks. I like that it mentioned a patent date, which turns out to be 204,369, Improvement in saws, assigned to E. C. Atkins & Co. The registration certificate is stamped “Best Available Copy” which is unfortunate. The text mentions the arbitrary word Dexter which is hard to read above the horse in the image. It also mentions that, “This trade-mark has been in continuous use since about the month of May 1878.”
Here’s another saw manufacturer’s trademark from the heyday of hand saws.
The trade mark has been continuously used and applied to said good in the business of said corporation since May 1st, 1924. The trade mark is applied or affixed to the goods by etching the same thereon.US Registration Certificate
Here’s another hand saw trademark, but this time the company is located in Sweden. The trademark was originally registered in Sweden and then again in the US.
Said trade-mark has been registered in Sweden, No. 3921, dated June 11th, 1888, and renewed on February22nd, 1927.from the US registration certificate
And because the internet is cool, a guy in Sweden sent me a picture of this company’s catalog that shows the trademark!
Here’s a saw trademark of E. C. Atkins & Company’s, to prove that Disston wasn’t the only game in town. The pdf online of the registration certificate is corrupted, but the top half showing the logo is fine. Also legible is that
The trade mark is applied or affixed to the goods by etching into the body thereof.
I looked up the Patent Gazette for the registration date to find that it was published on March 27, 1928. I then looked up that Patent Gazette to get the details that they claimed use since May, 1865 and that is was for cross cut saws.
Here’s one of Ohlen-Bishop’s saw trademarks that says
The trade-mark has been continuously used and applied to said goods in applicant’s business since January 29, 1895. The trade-mark is applied to the goods by means of an etching process.
Pennsylvania Saw was a manufacturer and competitor of the better known maker of hand saws, Henry Disston & Sons. In 1942, Pennsylvania Saw applied to get the trademark shown. Disston successfully opposed its registration, as it was too similar to a trademark of theirs. To quote the patent offices’ ruling,
“Disston’s Quaker and Pennsylvania’s Quaker are just two Quakers, so that Pennsylvania’s mark constitutes a substantial appropriation of a very prominent feature of Disston’s mark… since Pennsylvania concedes that Disston was prior in use, it follows that only Disston is entitled to registration”.
Disston’s application was registered on June 29, 1948 as trademark 439,429, while Pennsylvania Saw was unable to use the image they tried to trademark. Ah, the power of intellectual property!
Trademarks began with registration number 1 in October of 1870. This is the sixth earliest Disston trademark that I am aware of. (I’m from the Midwest, where we are required to dangle prepositions.) The registration certificate is a little hard to read, but not illegible as some are, and it clearly says that “This trade-mark we have used in our business since June, 1882.” and it goes on to say that “The mark has generally been etched directly upon the blade of the saw”. Since the trademark was registered, these saws, though I’ve never seen or heard of them, must have existed! How cool is that?
According to Google translate, the Russian writing ЦАРCКАЯ ПИЛА means Tsar’s Saw. Disston discounted the Russian writing, but somehow that makes me want one of these saws even more! From the registration certificate:
Our trade-mark consists of the title “Great American,” and is fully shown in the accompanying facsimile of the mark. With the title we have generally combined the representation of a keystone and the Russian title shown; but these additions are immaterial, the essential feature of the mark being the title “Great American”.
A cool thing about trademarks is that the item had to exist in order for the trademark to be registered. This is unlike patents, where something could be patented but never produced commercially. Here’s an unexpected trademark registered to Disston, a company better known for the handsaws it produced. I’ve never seen a Disston Cigarette knife, but since the trademark was registered, they must have been produced! I’m also a fan of wording that explains that “The trade mark is usually displayed by etching it directly upon the goods”.
Disston made handsaws a long time ago. Often there was a logo etched onto the saw’s blade, and many of them were trademarked to keep competitors from putting a similar etch on their saws. As mentioned in my article on trademarks, 10,000 or so dead trademarks are not available on the US Patent Office’s site. The six Disston Keystone trademarks shown above, all registered on December 5, 1933, are among the ones not online. Fear not, I obtained copies of their registration certificates and pdfs of them are available on this very site