Reissued Patent RE28
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RE280000-00-00RE000028.pdfD WILLIAMS A BEST AVAILABLE COPY Cooking Stove. Reissued Nov. 21, 1840. ..,.--... _..,_..,_,. 4K F - 1 . 2;-~' UNITED’ STATES BEST AVAILABLE COPY PATENT OFFICE; DANIEL VVILLIAMS, OF TROY, NEW YORK. IMPROVEAMENAT INICOOKING-STOVES. Speci?cation forming part of Letters Patent dated February 3, 1836; Reissue No. 28, dated November 21, 1840. ' ’ To all whom it may concern.- Be it known that I, DANIEL WILLIAIVIS, late of Schaghticoke, now ofthe city of Troy, in the county of Rensselaer and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Cooking-Stoves; and I do hereby declare . ’ that the following is a full, clear, and exact description’ of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this speci?cation, in Which——- ' Figures 1 and 2 are perspective views of the entire stove in its di?erent forms with said im- . provement. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the movable grate by itself with its movable top plate on A. Fig. 4 represents t-he plate with its boiler-holes in it taken entirely o?‘. Fig. 1 represents ‘the ?re-place or furnace drawn from under the oven- on which its top plate, B, with boiler-holes in it, is made per- manent to the movable part. Fig. 2 repre- sents it shoved under the oven. 0 represents the oven or stationary part. D represents the platform or hearth on which the ?re-place moves. E represents the sunken bottom or ash—pit. The stove alluded to above is made in two parts—~—t-he one stationary, the other movable. That part which contains the fuel is movable, and is made to move backward and forward upon a. cast—iron platform or hearth (repre- sented by D,’ Figs. 1 and 2) under that part which contains the oven, (represented by 0,) thus making it occupy more or less space, or according to the use intended to be made of it. The cast-iron platform or hearth (shown at D, Figs. 1 and 2) is made conformable in size with the furnace or movable part, and of a cir- cular or oval form in front, while‘ the back edge thelength of the oven is straight. It has asunken bottom, as E. represents in the draw- ings, for ashes to pass into, and it is raised _ from the ?oor by legs ea c e far enough to pro- tect the ?oor from burning, or as choice or ‘convenience may direct. , if . Over the sink (represented by E, Figs. 1 and 2) is placed a plate of cast-iron, with openings running parallel with its side edges, and at any discretionary distance apart, and about half the length of the plate, for ashes to pass through when the furnace is not di- -this. rectly under the oven, as Fig. 1 represents it. On the under side, at or near its back edge, is aprojection or ?ange, as shown by an end "view, H, Fig. 5, extending down into the ash-pit about three-quarters of its depth, or‘ more, to prevent the air from passing under, and thereby aid the stove in its draft. It is made to move backward and forward upon ?anges or ledges,like slidinghearth in common use, and may be called a “sliding hearth” in (Shown at Q, Figs. 1 and 2.) I will next, proceed to describe the oven andthe other parts: The oven is constructed with doors in the ends and a single or double door in front, at my option, and is the station- ary part, made standing upon the back part of the cast-iron platform or hearth on which I the oven end plate, F, and its corresponding , opposite plate and back plate at G are ?xed, . which serve as legs or supports on which the. ~ oven rests. The plate F and its correspond- ing opposite plate should stand perpendicular with the platform or hearth, and be of such a 1 ' height as will form a good proportion with * the hearth or platform on which they stand. About the center of the plate F and its‘ cor- responding opposite plate I draw a line par- allel with the lower ends of the same plate. This line will show how high or how low the bottom plate of the oven will be. edge of these plates is made angular or curved. The front edge is nearly straight. The back ; The width , and height of that part of the plate F and its 1 corresponding opposite plate which comes next to the hearth and as far up as the oven- bottom governs the width and height of the movable ?re-place, which will be hereinafter described. The oven may be nearly square, . or a little curved on the backpart, and is sur— . rounded by a fine formed on the top by means ~ of the top plate on the back, by means of the , back plate running from the top plate in it curved or angular form, and partially under < the oven, conforming itself "with the end plate, F, and its corresponding opposite plate, ‘ above described, to the back edge of the hearth & or platform on which the ‘ ?re-place or fur- T 113.06 IIIOVBS. In the bottom‘ plate. of the oven I make one :1 or more boiler-holes for frying, &c., as shown '1 . in the drawings. i Through theinner top plate K———-—-—.-d‘ ,;___' __._...‘u--— _-F-C R‘ ‘ 2 . L of the oven and along its front‘ edge, at equal distances from each end, Ipmake an opening (shown at Fig. '6) for the purpose of carrying off steam produced in the oven. Directly op- posite to this, through the front plate, as at t, Fig. 2, another opening is madefor the same purpose, to carry off the steam generated in a cooking process from the movable part in front of the oven, by means of a tin ?xed on the front edge of the top plate of the oven in such a manner that it may be taken off and put on at,pleasure. It has its front and end edges turned down, and when ?xed on the oven to conduct the steam up the pipe it extends over the pots and kettles in a slanting posi- tion, and when occasion greq?ires it may be turned up vertically against the pipe without taking it entirely‘ off. Its length along the oven is nearly that of the oven. J, Fig, _1, represents said tin. K, Fig. 1, represents the top plate with one or more boiler-holes, and P the pipe or collar, _ Directlyunder the collar or pipe I ?x a- damper (shown at c c, Fig. 6) extending the Whole length of the oven, dividing the pipe in the center and in such a manner that When_ it lies down ?atwise it closes the opening in the upper plate of the oven, and when turned up e gewise by a handle (represented by 0, Figs. 1 and 2, and also Fig. 6) it opens it again, and also divides the smoke of the wood from the steam. There is a smallg?ange, 2, Fig. 7, on the under side of the top plate, for it to strike 4 against when turned up, running through the center-of the pipe—l1ole and the whole length of the oven. in the center in a similar manner, as Fig. 6 shows, and also Fig. 7, and one sectional joint of the pipe may also be divided. The part containing the fuel or movable part (repre- sented by B, Fig. 1, &c., is made of such a size as to freely slide under the oven and handsomely ?llfnp the space which is sur- rounded by th*é.“l‘ower end of the oven end plate, F, and its corresponding opposite plate and back plate at G, ‘and oven-bottom, &c. In one end .of the ?re-place or furnace I make an opening for a door to put in "fuel. The door is without hinges and put on with a slide.. On the side opposite the handle little catches are ?xed to hold_ the door when slid in. S represents the-opening. In Fig. 8, n rep‘- resents the door, and d d the catches. A door is also provided at g, Figs. 1‘ and 2, so that when thefurnace is shoved under the oven,-' these two will coincide with each other. The front is made with doors extending down about halfway. Below the door or doors vertical openings are provided to admit draft to the ?re, The pipe-collar is also divided _ BEST AVAILABLE COPY as may be seen in Figs. 1 and 2.. Openings are also provided in the bottom plate of the ?re-place at X, Fig. 9, to let ashes pass through into the ash-pit, also to give draft to the ?re. Under these openings little slides like dump- ers may be ?xed, so that they may be opened or shut, as occasion may require, by means of a wire attached to them. (Represented by v and 12, Figs. 1 and 2.) The back plate of the ?re- place forms an angle with the bottom plate of about ‘thirty-?ve degrees, and is carriednearly as high up as the other parts of the furnace or ?re-place, by which means a ?ue is pro- vided. Its upper edge may be scalloped in rear of each boiler-hole,‘ or left straight. Next I apply a top plate with boiler-holes in it, and make it permanent with the other parts of the . furnace. ‘ '9 V q B, Fig. 1, is a top view of this part with its boiler-holes, &c. The covers to the boiler- holes in my stoves are made to form a perfect bevel with the plates in which they are placed, so that when the ?re-place or furnace is shoved under the oven a double bottom is formed to the oven, which has the effect of regulating the heat, &c., in its action upon the oven; or the heat may be allowed to act to a greater or less degree upon the oven by moving the ?re- place further in or out. or presenting it cov- ered or uncovered. ’ When the ?re-place is shoved underthe oven with the openings un- covered, the openings in the top plate of the ?re-place will come directly under that in the bottom plate of the oven, (shown at f in Fig. 2,) and cooking may be done in the oven, &c. Having thus described my stove for burn- ing wood, let it be understood in this corrected description and speci?cation for reissue for the same invention I_ do not claim the bare grate to slide from and under an oven, believing that is not new. _ What I do claim, therefore, as my improve- "7 ment, and desire to secure by Lett-er_s__Fatent,. 1s—- — The movable ?re-place or furnace, as speci- ?ed, constructed with a top plate having boil- er-holes in it, as set forth, incombination with the stationary oven,‘so that when the ?re- place with said boiler - plate on the top is shoved under the oven a double bottom is formed to the oven, which has the effect of regulating the heat in its action upon the oven, &;c., all as herein described. Subscribed this 15th day of September, 1840. _ DANIEL WILLIAMS. "Witnesses: J 013 S. OLnv, . A. W. BLAIR. -